Category Archives: Researchers Meeting

Report on the Second Capital Mobility Reseachers’ Meeting

This meeting took place 6 months after the first researchers meeting and it was along with ATNC Annual conference in the Philippines in September 2010. Following the meeting earlier, the researchers investigated the financialisation process in two sectors namely automotive and electronics. And those findings were shared and discussed in the second meeting.

As shown in this report, the researchers have discussed the model of Asian development according to their own articulation and perspective, looking at how labours in Asia are affected by capital that is more mobile than ever in the region. Researchers identified that Asia’s electronic and automotive industries are dominated by few giants, including the Asian TNCs like Toyota, Honda, Samsung, LG. and Sony etc. where the first tier of suppliers in host countries return the profit to the mother countries via intra-firm trade of core components.

The report also shows that based on the accumulation of high profit of Asian TNCs, corporations from Japan as well as newly industrialized economies (NIEs) are replacing western domination to become main sources of outward FDI in some key Asian manufacturing industries.

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Report on the First Capital Mobility Reseachers’ Meeting

This meeting was facilitated by AMRC to bring together NGOs, trade unions and activists from 10 countries in Asia to discusses the significance and trend of capital mobility, covering the situation before and after the global financial crisis. The discussion exercises over arching issues of mobile capital in East Asia, including financialisation of the economy, global supply chains and trends in policy measures. The report tries to touch upon trends and patterns of capital flow in various sectors, its impact on workers, and the possible explanations.

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Samsung Research Guide Line

Researchers Meeting 2006

Please try to find information according to the criteria below. This is a guide line only for research process and process report. Therefore, this lacks historical or comparative perspective. In writing the final report, please try to reconstruct the development of particular capital (and labour) in richer context, showing how capital develops and labour recaptured/reacted in ‘time’ and spaces.

1.      Company

1.1Starting year
1.2 Locations
1.3 Initial investment and its origin (loan? Or pure FDI?)
1.4 Major products
1.5 Expansion of company
1.6 Evolution of business strategy,
1.7 Market relation (import/export), subcontracting & outsourcing
1.8 Close down cases, track whereabouts, why (move or closed down))

2.      Government policy

2.1 Central/local government investment (inward and outward)policies, including incentives (tax exemption, rebates, so on)and actual practice and legal loopholes
2.2 Investment process, responsible government department and agents for investment inward and outward
2.3 Economic Zone policies, if applicable
2.4 Bilateral or multilateral trade agreement
3.      Labour

3.1 Work force size
3.2 Gender composition (male, female)
3.3 Size of migrant workforce
3.4 Push & pull factors for rural urban migration
3.5 Skill level and educational background
3.6 Organization of work/social life+ implication from organizing, skill training, living style in community)
4.      Labour relations

4.1 Recruitment process
4.2 Employment contract (formal, contract, trainees, etc)
4.3 Management practice/factory rules and regulation – Human resource management (or practices of personnel department)
4.4 Wage system (monthly, daily, bonus, allowances, performance based payment, quotas)
4.5 Labour disputes cases (both individual and collective disputes, origin of the disputes, development and solution/consequences) – please include worker stories of struggles and also find any gendered forms of labour action?
4.6 Organized, unionized, or not? If organised, chronology of unionisation and methods of organising (inc. company, community sectoral, regional or international solidarity)
4.7 CBA or not? If any, strength and weakness of the CBA
4.8 Union structure, decision making process
4.9 TU law, EPZ practices, any other legal obstacles to form TU/org

 
5.      Working conditions

5.1 OSH and work environment
5.2 Working hours and shift
5.3 Meals and transportation

 
6.      Work organisations and labour process

6.1 Division of labour (between and within department)
6.2 Allocation of tasks
6.3 Supervising, line management and quality control
6.4 Hierarchy in work process
6.5 Work speed and intensity (including quota, unit per hours)
6.6 Description of work process

6.7 Machinery and automation

6.8 Gendered division of labour, If any, gendered working culture