A Fact-Finding Report on the General Strike and Violent Crackdown in Cambodia (Dec 2013-Jan 2014)
Tag Archives: Cambodia
A Fact-Finding Report on the General Strike and Violent Crackdown in Cambodia (Dec 2013-Jan 2014)
Cambodia’s ban on domestic worker to Malaysia is an opportunity for change to protect the right of migrants
Cambodian Working Group for Domestic Workers
c/o Natalie Drolet, Advocacy Officer, LSCW
P.O. Box: 1542
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
(855)23 220 626
A call for ACTION now
February 8, 2012
CAMBODIA’S BAN ON DOMESTIC WORKERS TO MALAYSIA IS AN OPPORTUNITY FOR CHANGE TO PROTECT THE RIGHTS OF MIGRANTS
On October 15th, 2011 the Prime Minister of Cambodia announced a ban on the recruitment, training and sending of domestic workers to Malaysia. This announcement was made following various media and NGO reports of abuses, exploitation and even deaths of Cambodian domestic workers in Malaysia. The key purpose of the ban was to put into place new laws, processes and mechanisms that will ensure safe migration.
In June 2011, the ILO adopted Convention 189 concerning decent work for domestic workers. The time is ripe for the Cambodian and Malaysian governments to take measures to ensure the rights of domestic workers, including a decent minimum wage, that define the rights and responsibilities of domestic workers, employers and recruitment agencies.
With a clear recognition of rights and an effective rights monitoring mechanism, we can stop the needless suffering of thousands of often very young Cambodian women and girl domestic workers in Malaysia.
Support and lobby for the actions proposed overleaf…..
We call on the governments of Cambodia and Malaysia to:
- Sign a bilateral agreement that ensures the protection of rights enshrined in ILO C189.
- Adopt and enforce mandatory standardized employment and job placement services contracts that adhere to the standards established in ILO C189.
- Ensure that the regulation of private recruitment agencies meets the standards in ILO C189.
- Ratify ILO C189 and bring national laws and enforcement into alignment, including covering domestic workers under national labor laws.
- Establish effective monitoring mechanisms for greater accountability and transparency in recruitment, placement, and employment of domestic workers.
- Ensure effective access to redress, legal remedies and grievance procedures in Cambodia and Malaysia for victims of rights violations and abuse.
- Improve screening to identify victims of abuse and survivors of trafficking, and provide them with legal aid, shelter, counseling, repatriation and reintegration services, as needed.
- Ensure protection and support for domestic workers already working in Malaysia at the time of the issuance of the ban.
- Work through regional mechanisms to strengthen the ASEAN Declaration on Migrant Workers and the ASEAN Plan of Action through the promotion of minimum standards for domestic workers.
- Recognise the special needs and vulnerabilities of female and male migrants and tailor systems to respond.
- Ensure extensive consultation with civil society organizations working on domestic workers, migration and trafficking to implement the above.
We call on the governments of Cambodia and Malaysia to act expeditiously to enact effective protection measures for domestic workers.
- Cambodian Working Group for Domestic Workers (CWGDW), Cambodia
- Chab Dai Coalition, Cambodia
- Independent Democracy of Informal Economy Association (IDEA) Cambodia
- Healthcare Center for Children (HCC), Cambodia
- Legal Support for Children and Women (LSCW), Cambodia
- Gender and Development Cambodia (GADC), Cambodia
- Strey Khmer, Cambodia
- Community Legal Education Center (CLEC), Cambodia
- Cambodian Women’s Crisis Center (CWCC), Cambodia
- Cambodian League for the Defense and Protection of Human Rights (LICADHO), Cambodia
- Coalition of Cambodian Farmer Community (CCFC) Cambodia
- American Center for International Labor Solidarity (ACILS), Cambodia
- Cambodian Human Rights and Development Organization (ADHOC), Cambodia
- Positive Change for Cambodia, Cambodia
- Cambodian Youth Network (CYN) Cambodia
- Human Rights Watch
- World Solidarity
- Migrant Forum in Asia (MFA)
- Mekong Migrant Network (MMN)
- Tenaganita, Malaysia
- Penang Office For Human Development (POHD), Malaysia
- Foreign Spouses Support Group, Malaysia
- Pusat Kebajikan Good Shepherd, Malaysia
- Coalition to Abolish Modern-Day Slavery in Asia (CAMSA)
- National Union of Building and Construction Workers (NUBCW), Philippines
- Worker’s Rehabilitation Center (WOREC), Nepal
- Youth Action Nepal (YOAC), Nepal
- WARBE Development Foundation, Bangladesh
- Center for Indonesian Migrant Workers (CIMW), Indonesia
- Center for Indian Migrant Studies (CIMS), India
- Hope Workers Center (HWC), Taiwan
- Transient Workers Count Too (TWC2), Singapore
- Pravasi Nepali Coordination Committee (PNCC), Nepal
- St.Francis of Assisi, Singapore
- Center for Migrant Advocacy, Philippines
- Scalabrini Migration Center, Philippines
- International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development, Indonesia
- Coalition for Migrant Rights (CMR), Hong Kong
- International Association of Scalabrinian Sisters for Migrants (AISSMI)
- Migrant CARE, Indonesia
- Hsinchu Migrants and Immigrants Services Center, Taiwan
- Unlad Kabayan Center Foundation, Philippines
- KAAGAPAY, Philippines
- Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit, Bangladesh
- Woman Health, Philippines
- Kanlungan, UK
Participate online to support: People’s Tribunal on Minimum Living Wages for Cambodian Garment Workers- 5-8 Feb 2012
Warm greetings from Asia Floor Wage Cambodia and Asia Floor Wage Alliance.
We wish to inform you that the upcoming People”s Tribunal of Asia Floor Wage Alliance will be held in Cambodia. The national PT of Cambodia is organised by the Asia Floor Wage Cambodia., in partnership with Asia Floor Wage Alliance.
This is the second national People’s Tribunal that was organised by AFWA’s members in Sri Lanka.
Renown International Judges from Permanence Peoples Tribunal together with the known figures in Cambodia will lead the PT.
We will be uploading all the proceeding into you tube online on the day of proceeding.
Therefore, you may follow the trial via the online documentation from 5-6 and 8 Feb 2012
The Trial will start from 5-6 Feb and 8 Feb will be the verdict announcement by the judges.
Please stay with us via:
‘We will upload all the latest information via this FB page and AFWC blog
Here is the detail of the PT:
People’s Tribunal on Minimum Living Wages and Decent Working Conditions for Garment Workers as a Fundamental Right, 5-8 February, 2012, Cambodia
Asia Floor Wage Cambodia is a member of the Asia Floor Wage Alliance’s Steering Committee, on behalf of Cambodian garment workers employed in the global garment industry as a fundamental human right of workers.
The Tribunal is being undertaken to pursue a global campaign for an Asia Floor Wage targeting garment manufacturers (garment TNC), suppliers, consumer-importers, garment workers and government officials. The Cambodian tribunal is second among other national hearings scheduled in upcoming months, and will culminate in an international session being requested at the People’s Permanent Tribunal. The goals of the Tribunal area:
Establish the State of Decent Labour Standards, specifically focusing on Women Workers, in the global garment industry including the issue of fair pricing for manufacturers
Present the impact of gender as a factor in determining the political economy of the global supply chain
Provide leverage for building worker collectivity with bargaining power within the global supply chain and contribute to strengthening grassroots mobilization
· Contribute to strengthening the conditions of workers, in particular women workers, in the garment global supply chain
The Tribunal will hear the testimonies of garment workers and experts on wage deficits and the Asia Floor Wage. The testimonies will provide cases and arguments towards the following objectives:
1. Establish whether the Supply Chain of garment industry is conducive for decent labour standards for workers, specifically women workers, using the ILO guidelines;
2. Determine the magnitude of workers, specifically women workers, in the Garment Global Supply Chain, working and living in conditions that fall far short of Decent Labour Standards;
3. Analyse the role of gender in determining the state of labour standards;
4. Investigate the causes of the deficit in terms of:
Adequacy of national regulatory framework
Effectiveness of ILO’s core conventions
Purchasing practices of multinationals
International trade regulatory mechanisms
Political economy of the garment Global Supply Chain
Adequacy of workers’ organizations, especially of women workers; and
5. Evaluate Proposals for establishing Decent Labour Standards and make Recommendations
Specifically, we petition the Tribunal to provide observations and recommendations on the following issues:
1. Is there a deficit in Decent Labour Standards in Cambodia’s garment industry?
2. Is there a wage deficit for basic living standards?
3. What are the causes of the wage deficit? Who are responsible?
4. Can AFW address this wage deficit?
5. What are the criteria for a wage that is defined as a human right?
16 September 2010
We express our strong support for the thousands of garment, textile and footwear workers in Cambodia who have begun a strike after exhaustive attempts in the last several months to negotiate with the government and Garment Manufacturers Association of Cambodia (GMAC) for a living wage.
We join CCAWDU and NIFTU in their contention that the new minimum wage
of US$61 and $56 (for regular and probationary workers respectively) is insufficient, and should be revised to US$93, which is the level that would bring the minimum wage to be living wage, one which complies with Article 104 of the Cambodian Labour law. Article 104 states that the wage must ensure every worker a decent standard of living compatible with human dignity.
Furthermore, the minimum wage should be adjusted from time to time in accordance
with changes in economic conditions and the cost of living, the revised level should not be fixed for four years as currently decided by the Labour Advisory Committee.
Wages below the minimum needed for decent living introduces whole families to vulnerability to child labour, illegal labour, malnutrition and health problems.
Garment workers’ wages have not risen to keep pace with inflation, much less the workers’ basic needs.
We urge the government as well as the company owners who are profiting from workers to fulfill the minimum demands of the Cambodian workers:
1. To increase the minimum wage to $ 93 per month
2. To increase other benefits such as:
– $2 work seniority annual allowance every year
– 1 hour over time food allowance of R1000 for every hour of OT worked
(US$1 = approx. R4,000)
– $10 attendance bonus per month
3. Wage increases should be provided to every worker
4. Request to negotiate or renegotiate on this wage issue once every year based on economic situation and the indispensable need of the workers.
In the 8 July meeting of the Labour Advisory Committee, attempts to adequately discuss and reach a consensus between the GMAC and the trade unions had not been exhausted which was the direct reason for the strong frustration and actions of the workers in protest to the new minimum wage much lower than what they demanded.
We strongly demand the Cambodian government to act strictly in accordance with the Cambodian Constitution Article 37 and the Cambodian Labour Law to protect the right of the trade union to use strike and demonstration to exert the legal rights of its members for collective bargaining and in wage negotiation. It is the duty of the Cambodian government, as a signatory country to the ILO Convention C98 to ensure that the collective bargaining on the minimum wage is undertaken without threats and retaliation against the trade union and workers’ representatives.
We note that there have been calls throughout the whole Asian region exposing the inadequacy of many countries’ and regions’ minimum wages, and the need and strong demand of workers for a living wage – a wage that can assure a decent living for workers and their families. The failures of governments to respond have led to mass actions in
Bangladesh, in Hong Kong, in South Korea, in China and other countries. In many places including China, significant wage increases have been granted by employers, showing that increases are indeed feasible without causing company closures.
As a group of labour unions and organizations in Asia which support and promote workers’ rights and justice for all, we intend to continue monitoring the Cambodian situation and joining our partner organizations CLC and CCAWDU in their calls for the solidarity of workers throughout Asia.
On behalf of
ATNC Monitoring Network, including:
Asia Monitor Resource Centre, Hong Kong
Committee for Asian Women, Thailand
Globalization Monitor, Hong Kong
Korea House of International Solidarity, South Korea
Labor Education Advocacy Development Response Services (LEADER), Philippines
Labour Action China, Hong Kong
National Coalition on the Protection of Workers’ Rights, Philippines
National Free Trade Union, Sri Lanka
Persatuan Sahabat Wanita Selangor, Malaysia
Solidarity of Cavite Workers, Philippines
Workers Assistance Center, Philippines
Yokohama Action Research, Japan